1 0 0 . A C T I V E . R
E V I E W I N G .
M E T H O D S
(plus a few passive ones!)
A-Z SUMMARY OF THE REVIEWING
METHODS DESCRIBED IN
'PLAYBACK: A GUIDE TO REVIEWING ACTIVITIES'
"PLAYBACK is a treasure trove of group
processes to use when
debriefing an activity ... it should be on every
Billie Taylor in Training and
"The number and range of reviewing methods
discussed in PLAYBACK
Jeffrey Gold in Education and
you just need a prompt sheet,
here it is - a mixture of
plus a few short descriptions.
you want more detail, use the
links on this page to
straight to the relevant page of the 'On-line Guide to
Reviewing' at http://reviewing.co.uk
- where you will also
several other reviewing methods that are not in Playback.
full details of all the
reviewing methods below
chapters on Reviewing Theory, Purposes, Settings, Issues,
and Resources) you will need the book itself!
help bring the pages to life,
ask about trainer-training
workshops in reviewing skills...
"The course has definitely altered my
Before the course I had a copy of PLAYBACK but did not
ideas. After the course having seen those ideas done live I
find it easier to use the book and apply the ideas to work."
A~Z SUMMARY OF REVIEWING METHODS IN
provide a means of carrying forward what is learned from
activity to the next, or to a similar situation.
involves reviewing the experience from which the action
comes together with the experience to which it might apply.
generates ideas for action points prompted by questions from
seated person (unlike the 'hot seat' where individuals are put on
spot and face questions from others).
Just as on TV, the action is 'played back' either to
incident more closely or to replay an event worth
But there are no cameras in this method - making it cheaper,
fun, more versatile and more effective.
STYLE OF' REPLAY
are reviewable activities; they also provide
opportunities for reviewing other activities and
ART AS A TOOL FOR RAISING AWARENESS
EXPLORING ISSUES THROUGH
ARTS ACTIVITY AS COLLECTIVE AND INDIVIDUAL SELF-EXPRESSION
PRESENTING THEMSELVES AS THEY WOULD WANT TO BE SEEN
provide endless possibilities as a reviewing aid.
LISTENING TO, AND REPRESENTING OTHERS
CARD RACE: AGENDA RAISING AND
SCORE CARDS: MONITORING GROUP ACHIEVEMENTS
REMINDING INDIVIDUALS OF ACTION POINTS
CREDIT CARDS: AN APPRAISAL GAME
help people to tell the 'story' of what happened during
activity stage by stage.
DRAWING AN 'OUTSIDE' PROBLEM
Ways of encouraging more balanced participation.
QUESTION AND ANSWER ONLY
"PLAYBACK is very practical, attractively presented and
Bill Roberts in Careers Guidance
PLUS, MINUS, INTERESTING
(from Edward de
'What have you found to be TOO MUCH? ... NOT
ENOUGH? ... JUST
RIGHT ...? (and why?)
Reviewing methods which are inspired by Kurt Lewin's 'force
GROUP SNAKES AND LADDERS
INDIVIDUAL SNAKES AND
INDIVIDUAL FORCE FIELDS
is an appraisal activity in which people make, find or mime
for each other. The gifts represent qualities that were in
during the event being reviewed.
Participants lie down and listen while the reviewer
what happened in a way that prompts reflection.
is an active way of looking at patterns and
relationships in a
group. The method can be used to highlight different
various times during the activity.
Suitable independent review tasks: ACTION POINTS,
ART, GROUP POEM, GROUP SONG, NEWS REPORT, making a
or VIDEO about the last activity, PREPARATION FOR
QUESTIONNAIRES, REVIEW DISCUSSION (PREPARATION),
(in this exercise) enables people to experience what it is
to be in other people's shoes.
For many people, the most lasting impact of
learning is that they are learning to learn in new ways.
MODEL OF LEARNING
REVIEWING TO DEVELOP LEARNING SKILLS
extend the power of words and phrases by using them out of
an easy way to 'sell' reviewing, especially if
making use of a
break during an activity in which people are having
and want to
Interrupting discussion with action can help to keep
alert. An 'active' interruption can help a group to clarify,
out or visualise something that has been said...
CHANGING THE PAST
VISUALISING AN ACTION
Observing and reporting back observations can heighten
awareness of self, others and group dynamics.
OBSERVING BLINDFOLDED PEOPLE
may be asked to record:
POSITIVES, IDEAS, DECISIONS, SUPPORT, QUOTES,
SOCIOGRAM, HAPPY CHART, TIMES etc.
"PLAYBACK is principally written for those working with
people. But review activity is ageless. It is
interdisciplinary. Hence there is much of practical value, not
the excellent bibliography, for anyone involved in
development activity where
review is an integral feature."
Jeffrey Gold in Education and
describes how (without training in drama skills) people
create and produce a play for performing to an audience.
BASED ON ACTION REPLAYS
create many talking points; create
opportunities for informal
one-to-one reviewing; and can stimulate more
discussion than even the most skilled questioning.
MAKE A COLLAGE
DRAW OR PAINT A PICTURE: BEFORE AND AFTER; PROBLEMS
When playing back a video or audio recording there are
ways in which it can be used for reviewing. These are some of
CHARTS, QUESTIONS, CHANGES, SOUNDS, SIGHTS, BRIEFING,
quickly allows everyone to make their 'position' clear on
particular issue, and increases participation in discussions.
ABOUT GROUP BEHAVIOUR
LINE-UPS ABOUT INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOUR
appeal to everyone's betting instincts. Their degree of
generates useful talking points for reviewing.
PREDICTIONS ABOUT SELF
Some reviewing methods need to be set up well in
involving preparation before the programme or before
PRACTISING USEFUL SKILLS
SEQUENCING REVIEWING METHODS
PREPARATION BY LEARNERS
THE REVIEW (BUT NOT THE ACTIVITY)
are opportunities for people to communicate to others
experiences and what they have learned.
GETTING THE MESSAGE
CONVERTING REVIEWING METHODS
SOMETHING TO SHOW
IF ONLY MY MUM COULD SEE ME NOW!
can be used at any stage of a reviewing sequence
QUESTIONNAIRES FOR NOTE-TAKING
QUESTIONS BASED ON SKILLS
Asking questions to the group is a popular form of reviewing
more popular than it should be, because it is often used as a
method when little thought has been given to alternatives.
QUESTIONS ON A
provides three opportunities for reviewing
1) BEFORE: REPLANNING
2) DURING: REVIEWING WHILE DOING
REVIEWING BOTH ACTIVITIES TOGETHER
REPLANNING BY STAFF
REPLANNING BY THE
VISIONING THE SECOND ATTEMPT
REPEATING WITH COMMENTARY
are sentences started by the reviewer which are finished by
person in turn. The sentences can be about facts or feelings,
others, past, present or future.
SENTENCE BEGINNINGS, EXPRESSION, FEEDBACK,
CLOSING, CARDS, THREE WORDS, ORBITS, MIME, CARDS, THREE
Scores help to speed up the reviewing process, and
highlight the subjects or issues most worth talking about
PREDICTING SCORES FOR SELF AND
PREDICTING INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE
SCORING OF INDIVIDUAL PERFORMANCE
"PLAYBACK is a useful handbook for trainers in industry,
workers, teachers, youth leaders and activity instructors."
PERSONAL ACTIVITY MAP
a useful starting point for reviewing a group journey.
a visual method of transferring learning from one situation
FOR A PARTNER
Speaking as if you are another person is both a
way of finding
out what it might be like in their shoes, and a way of
how well you know them. (Also known as 'egoing')
Telling stories is the 'method' that people will naturally use
tell others about their experiences. There are many constructive
in which the reviewer can assist this 'natural' process.
RE-LIVING THE ACTIVITY
SAME AND DIFFERENT
DRESSING THE SKELETON
Audio tape-recorders have many uses as a reviewing aid,
advantages over video cameras.
UPS AND DOWNS
encourage awareness of others and the expression of feelings.
MOVING HANDS UP
WALKABOUT: PAIRED CONVERSATIONS
is rarely used well in reviewing, but with careful
video gives access to a useful variety of reviewing
MAKING TWO VIDEOS
MAKING A REVIEW VIDEO
"PLAYBACK ... is cheap enough, creative enough,
Billie Taylor in Training and
handbook was written for
working with young people but
(perhaps all?) of the methods described above have been
with managers and other adults.
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Roger Greenaway 2000
Reviewing Skills Training
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